I am currently reading Julius Evola’s Fascism Viewed From the Right. The author, a leading Italian philosopher of the 20th century, critiques the Fascist movement in Italy, but from the perspective of someone steeped in the cultural tradition of Europe. He made some important distinctions between the ‘true’ right & the false right, the latter often known as ‘conservative,’ ‘reactionary,’ ‘right-wing,’ etc…
In the study, Evola points to what The Right represents. He gave me some thoughts which I will use to point towards what a philosophy of The Right may entail. Before we do that, let us engage in some ‘negative political theology.’ This will enable us to separate The Right from the right-wing.
The Right is not about Capitalism, hoary old tradition, economic prowess, conservatism, opposing the left-wing as a right-wing, naysaying, xenophobia, cynicism, or snobbishness.
These are all connotations that have been attached to anyone standing in opposition to the left wing or liberals. As Evola makes clear these right-wing habits do the true Right a disservice.
It is understandable of course why opponents of the left-wing would want to distance themselves by becoming mirror-images of those they oppose. However, it is an unfortunate tendency but one that can be remedied by a true idea of The Right.
If we want to identify The Right, we are helped somewhat by etymology. ‘Right,’ as a word, has a lot going for it & indicates a solution to the problem of The Right itself. Someone is ‘right-thinking,’ ‘right-acting,’ they are ‘right,’ & are ‘righteous.’ They uphold ‘right & justice.’ None of these are negative attributes.
Too often, & Evola points this out, the ‘right,’ the false right, are wrong. But that is because they are not ‘The Right.’
So, in positive terms & without being a salesman, what does, or should, The Right be?
Above all in its politics, The Right should direct members of a community towards higher goals. It should seek unity on these terms. Invariably, this means that there must be a virtuous elitism in society, one that is aristocratic in nature, but not in the plutocratic sense of the word. Unity can never be sought by magicking everyone ‘equal.’
The Right must not try to level everyone but seek a diverse unity amongst all orders & classes. Compassion for all classes must be paramount but through justice, genuine judging between right & wrong. Economic distribution of the false right or real left must be eschewed.
Since Man is essentially a spiritual creature needing meaning in his life, The Right must uphold the role of transcendence in society.
Neither should The Right retreat into a bourgeois morality. Instead, The Right should allow for the vital force in Man to express itself. This does not mean of course that it should engage in xenophobia. If one looks at nationalism & racism one invariably finds they are products of bourgeois culture.
Importantly, in its methods, The Right should not seek to echo back in inverted form the platitudes of the left.
To establish a true philosophy of The Right will be difficult given the connotations of the right-wing. Such an undertaking is vital for the cultural health of Ireland and other countries, nonetheless. Thinkers like Evola are worth studying to find out how best to achieve this.
I have authored two books on political theory. My latest book is entitled The Exceptionally Decisive Carl Schmitt & is on Kindle.